HealthTree Logo
search more_vert
App Logo
close
person Sign In / Create Account
What Tests Are Used To Diagnose Multiple Myeloma?
Posted: May 11, 2015
What Tests Are Used To Diagnose Multiple Myeloma? image

Being diagnosed with cancer is overwhelming in and of itself. The massive amounts of testing only add to the stress that comes. Knowing which tests you will get and what they are needed for can reduce the impact of these stressors.

Here are the basic tests done, the purpose of the test, what the doctors are looking for, and the methods done in administration of the test.

Myeloma Blood Tests

Purpose: Diagnosis and classification of multiple myeloma

What Are They Looking For: To find levels of monoclonal or M proteins, establish blood cell count and types of antibodies in the blood, create a chemistry profile, and evaluate the freelite serum free light chain assay or Bence Jones Proteins.

Methods: Draw blood using a needle

Pain Level: Minimal

Urine Tests

Purpose: Check for renal failure and diagnose multiple myeloma

What Are They Looking For: Assess kidney function, evaluate the freelite serum free light chain assay or Bence Jones Proteins.

Methods: Simple urine sample and a 24-hour urine collection

Pain Level: None, but carrying around your jug for 24-hours to collect urine can be inconvenient and takes some planning.

Bone Marrow Tests

Purpose:  Diagnosis and classification of multiple myeloma

What Are They Looking For: Calculate the percentage and number of multiple myeloma cells

Methods: Biopsy of bone marrow liquid with a needle

Pain Level: Can be quite painful, depending on the patient's tolerance and the person conducting the biopsy. Patients may request pain medications or to put under local anesthesia.

Imaging Tests

Purpose: Check for bone and chromosomal damage and classify multiple myeloma

What Are They Looking For: Establish the presence of lesions and structural changes

Methods: Skeletal Survey, X-Ray, MRI, CT, PET, Karyotyping, and FISH

Pain Level: Minimal

For more information

Myeloma Crowd's Myeloma Stages page

Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation's Diagnostic Tests

Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation's Diagnostic Criteria

Cancer.net's Multiple Myeloma Diagnosis

The author Lora Jensen

about the author
Lora Jensen

Lora is an Editorial Contributor for the Myeloma Crowd and proud mom of 6 kids and 5 grandkids. In addition to supporting myeloma patients, she loves creating fun parties and activities for her grandkids to enjoy.

Get the latest thought leadership on Myeloma delivered straight to your inbox.

Subscribe to the weekly "HealthTree Community for Myeloma Newsletter" for Myeloma news, life with Myeloma stories, Myeloma clinical trials, Myeloma 101 articles and events with Myeloma experts.

Thanks to our HealthTree Community for Myeloma Sponsors:

Abbvie
Genentech
GSK
Bristol Myers Squibb

Follow Us

facebook instagram twitter youtube