Sorting Out ICER and CMS Issues
Posted: May 05, 2016
Sorting Out ICER and CMS Issues image

The Myeloma Crowd added its name to a joint letter expressing concerns about the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review’s (ICER) plan to assign an economic “value” to newly approved drugs for refractory myeloma.  According to this broad range of cancer organizations, ICER rules would limit patients’ access by limiting options and impede physicians from making their best clinical judgments to personalize treatments. Arguments cited in the letter, reflects concerns of the Myeloma Crowd that insurers will use the ICER proposal to justify decisions to limit use of immunotherapy agents and other novel drugs for other cancers and hard-to-treat diseases.  The main points are:

  • The Beneficiaries of ICER’s Value Benchmarks Will Be Payers and Not Patients – this issue is about value as defined by insurers (payers), not patients.
  • ICER’s Model Does Not Reflect the Reality of Treating Refractory Multiple Myeloma – the insurance model neglects or undervalues the changing science and treatment options available to myeloma patients today.
  • ICER’s Model Does Not Put Patients at the Center of the Value Equation – by leaving patients out of the discussion, the process has left out the most important constituency that defines what value is.
  • Concerns About the Limitations of ICER’s Methodology – the formulas currently being used by ICER are not able to incorporate rapidly changing treatment paradigms.

ICER has scheduled a public hearing on May 26, 2016 in St. Louis, MO to vote on five questions to narrow down its recommendations on drug regimens to treat relapsed/refractory myeloma.  The narrow scope of the questions and the idea that recommended treatment options can be “voted on” by a panel points out the potential danger the current process holds for patients. Public Confusion about ICER Compounded by CMS Process While the ICER issue is distressing for many patient advocates, it has been somewhat muddied by another process currently being undertaken by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) about the Medicare Part B program, which generally covers infusions and injections given in hospitals, clinics, and physicians’ offices but can also include oral cancer and anti-nausea drugs. If implemented, the proposed CMS rule would significantly lower Medicare reimbursement rates for these drugs in different parts of the country.  It might result in higher out-of-pocket costs for patients by forcing them to obtain treatment from more expensive hospital outpatient departments.  CMS is accepting public comments about this proposed change until May 9, 2016. ICER is about providing justification for private health insurers to limit options to use novel treatments for cancer and other diseases based on what their panel determines the “value” of these drugs to be.  The public comment period for the May 26, 2016 ICER meeting ended on April 21, 2016, when the Myeloma Crowd signed on to the ICER letter. Yet, because the second phase of the proposed CMS rule “would implement value-based purchasing tools similar to those employed by commercial health plans, pharmacy benefit managers, hospitals, and other entities that manage health benefits and drug utilization,” significant confusion conflating the ICER and CMS issues has arisen among patient advocates. In reality, the CMS proposed rule is separate from ICER’s assessment.  They are, so to speak, apples and oranges; currently neither has an impact on the other. Moreover, ICER is not a governmental agency like CMS.  It is unelected and not accountable to Congress and, therefore, the public.  Should CMS or any other federal agency make public policy that acts to the detriment of patients, there are a number of remedies—including congressional action—that can be considered before that happens. For the near term, patient advocates must focus on the May 26, 2016 ICER meeting and its results.  Should the recommendations be harmful, it will be up to patient advocates to raise public awareness and create pressure so that ICER will recognize and implement the patient community’s goals. Patients should, however, comment on the CMS rule if they are concerned about them.  But they must not confuse that process with ICER’s. The Myeloma Crowd will continue to monitor the process to inform the myeloma community.

The author Greg Brozeit

about the author
Greg Brozeit

Greg Brozeit has been engaged in myeloma patient advocacy since 1998. He began working with the Myeloma Crowd in 2015. Prior to that, he consulted with Dr. Bart Barlogie at the University of Arkansas after working with the International Myeloma Foundation for 15 years, where he inaugurated the public policy advocacy program, patient support group outreach and IMF Europe, organizing more than 100 physician and patient education programs. He earned his BA in political science from Loyola University in New Orleans and lives in northeast Ohio.

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